[2017北京高考英语试卷及答案]2017山东菏泽高考英语模拟试卷及答案

时间:2017-09-18 英语六级 点击:

  高考的考生已经在紧张的复习。今天,小编为大家整理了2017山东菏泽高考英语模拟试卷,供考生练习。

2017山东菏泽高考英语模拟试卷及答案

  2017山东菏泽高考英语模拟试卷第I卷

  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡该项涂黑。

  AThe Healthy Habits Survey (调查) shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.

  1. How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

  ●Finding:A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

  ●Step:Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

  2. How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

  ●Finding:Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week. And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day---- half of the number doctors recommend.

  ●Step:We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day----often inviting germs (病菌) to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.

  3. How often do you think about fighting germs?

  ●Finding:Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should.

  ●Step:Be aware of germs. Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge (海绵)that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.

  21. What is found out about American seniors?

  A. Most of them have good habits.

  B. Nearly 30% of then bathe three days a week.

  C. About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day.

  D. All of them are fighting germs better than expected.

  22. Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands _______.

  A. twice a day B. eight times a day

  C. four times a day D. three times a day

  23. Which of the following is true according to the text?

  A. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.

  B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth.

  C. We should keep from touching our faces.

  D. We should wash our hands before touching a door handle.

  24. The text probably comes from ________.

  A. a guide book B. an official document

  C. a book review D. a popular magazine

  B

  I wish there would be a way to describe China in simple terms but that’s impossible. For the most part Chinese people are friendly, easy-going and optimistic. They are curious and unusually patient and they are also the hardest-working people I have ever met.

  In China, family is everything. In my English classes when the students were asked what they would do if they only had a few hours to live, most students told me how they would spend their last few hours with their families and parents. Many times the subjects in the classes center on families and friends. I teach many students a year, talking to them freely.

  The cost of living here is very low compared with that of the US. The city of Xiang Fan I live in isn’t large and I live better. Non-imported(非进口的) foods are very cheap, so are clothing and articles of everyday useThe cost of public transportation is very low, too. Chinese value education. However, it is reported that many children can’t afford the expenses of schooling and are forced to leave school in some poor areas in China. But they organized Project Hope many years ago. It creates conditions for the poor children to go back to school. In my opinion, Project Hope is of great importance to the development of the rural education.

  When we read news of China in the west, rarely, if ever, will we see anything mentioned of the positive changes China has gone through. While it is true that economic miracles have not reached many areas of China, but we also have the same problems.

  When I am asked which country I consider better, China or the US, my answer has always been the same, “We are not worse or better than each other, we are only different.”

  25. What does the author think of Chinese people?

  A. He thinks most Chinese people hardly work. B. He praises most Chinese people a lot.

  C. He thinks most Chinese people are proud. D. He dislikes most Chinese people.

  26. What are not cheap in China in the author’s opinion?

  A. Clothes and shoes made in China. B. Public transportation tickets.

  C. Imported foods . D. Local foods.

  27. We can infer from the passage that the author thinks __________.A. the progress of China is seldom reported in the US

  B. China’s economic miracles have appeared everywhere

  C. the westerners have got to know China well

  D. the education in rural areas is never cared about in China

  C

  Have you ever run into a careless cell phone user on the street? Perhaps they were busy talking, texting or checking updates on WeChat without looking at what was going on around them. As the number of this new “species” of human has kept rising, they have been given a new name — phubbers(低头族).

  Recently, a cartoon created by students from China Central Academy of Fine Arts put this group of people under the spotlight. In the short film, phubbers with various social identities bury themselves in their phones. A doctor plays with his cell phone while letting his patient die, a pretty woman takes selfie(自拍) in front of a car accident site, and a father loses his child without knowing about it while using his mobile phone. A chain of similar events eventually leads to the destruction of theworld.

  Although the ending sounds overstated, the damage phubbing can bring is real.

  Your health is the first to bear the effect and result of it. “Constantly bending your head to check your cell phone could damage your neck,” Guangming Daily quoted doctors as saying. “the neck is like a rope that breaks after long-term stretching.” Also, staring at cell phones for long periods of time will damage your eyesight gradually, according to the report.

  But that’s not all. Being a phubber could also damage your social skills and drive you away from your friends and family. At reunions with family or friends, many people tend to stick to their cell phones while others are chatting happily with each other and this creates a strange atmosphere, Qilu Evening News reported.

  It can also cost you your life. There have been lots of reports on phubbers who fell to their death, suffered accidents, and were robbed of their cell phones in broad daylight.

  28. For what purpose does the author give the example of a cartoon in Para. 2?

  A. To warn doctors against using cell phones while treating patients.

  B. To inform people of the bad effects of phubbing.

  C. To indicate the world will finally be destroyed by phubbers.

  D. To advertise the cartoon made by students.

  29. Which of the following is NOT a risk a phubber may have?

  A. He will cause the destruction of the world.

  B. His neck and eyesight will be gradually harmed.

  C. He might get separated from his friends and family.

  D. His social skills could be affected.

  30. Which of the following may be the author’s attitude towards phubbing?

  A. Supportive. B. Optimistic. C. Opposed. D. Objective.

  31. What may the passage talk about next?

  A. Advice on how to use a cell phone. B. People addicted to phubbing.

  C. Consequences of phubbing. D. Measures to reduce the risks of phubbing.

  D

  These days a green building means more than just the color of the paint. Green buildings can also refer to environmentally friendly houses, factories, and offices.

  Green building means “reducing the effect of the building on the land”, Taryn Holowka of the U.S. Green Building Council(评议会) in Washington, D.C., said. According to Holowka, building accounts for 65 percent of total U.S. electricity use.

  But green buildings can reduce energy and water use. Also, the buildings are often located near public transportation such as buses and subways, so that people can drive their cars less. That could be good for the environment, because cars use lots of gas and give off pollution. Green buildings are often built on developed land, so that the buildings don’t destroy forests.

  Marty Dettling is project manager for a building that puts these ideas into action. The Solaire has been called the country’s first green high-rise building. According to Dettling, “We’ve reduced our energy use by one-third and our water by 50 percent.”

  The Solaire cuts energy in part by using solar power. “On the face of the building we have solar panels(光板) which change the sun’s energy into electricity,”Dettling explained.

  The Solaire also has lights that automatically turn off when people leave the room. In addition, the building has lots of windows, allowing people to use the sun for light during the day. The Solaire cuts water by reusing it.

  Not everyone is eager to move into a green building, however. Some people think that things like solar panels cost more money than more traditional energy sources. Anyhow, Holowka said, “It’s going to be big.”

  32. A green building means ________________________.

  A. a building that uses no electricity B. a building occupying less land

  C. a building that saves energy and water D. a green-colored building

  33. A green building is often built on an area of land_________.

  A. which has already been for buildings

  B. which has thick forests around

  C. where people of high income live

  D. where traveling around by car is most convenient

  34. When Holowka says inthe last paragraph, “It’s going to be big”, she means that green buildings

  __________.

  A. will be more comfortable B. will become popular in future

  C. will be more environmentally friendly D. will take the place of traditional buildings

  35. Which is the main idea of the passage?

  A. Dettling designed the first green building in the U.S.

  B. The Solaire serves as a model of high buildings.

  C. Green buildings help save the environment.

  D. Energy shortage calls for buildings of new design.

  第二节 (共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。(注意:EAB,F涂AC,G涂AD。)

  How can I fight laziness?

  Lazy people will never amount to anything in life. However, laziness can be defeated once a few changes have been made in your mind.

  36 . Many people lack sleep constantly, since they stay up too late and get up too early to prepare for work. These people have little motivation once they arrive home. Laziness works hand in hand with a lack of motivation and a tendency to put off things. By adjusting your sleep schedule to provide a few more hours of meaningful rest, you can fight laziness throughout the day.

  Another way to fight laziness is to change your mind from passive to active. 37 . Others take a more proactive(积极主动的) approach, viewing each task as a challenge they must overcome alone. Laziness sets in when you no longer feel in charge of your own life.

  Some people fight laziness by removing the temptations(诱惑) that surround them. A television in the living room may provide entertainment, but watching too much TV often contributes to laziness. Create a reward system for yourself, just as parents do for a child to promote responsibility. 38 .

  39 . Spouses(配偶)and children may all have different energy levels, but laziness can be spread if not dealt with immediately. To fight household laziness, set an example, be the first to collect and wash dishes after a meal. Others in the home may eventually follow your example and perform their own task. It is difficult to practice laziness when you are surrounded by motivated people.

  Finally, taking exercise regularly can help you fight laziness. 40 , thus enabling you to have more energy and help lift your spirits.

  Complete a few tasks and reward yourself with what you enjoy, such as a good dinner or a film

  B. Laziness can also be a lasting problem at home

  C. One way to fight laziness is to get enough sleep

  D. Knowing how to fight laziness is important

  E. Some people treat their lives as if they were pushed from task to task

  F. With strong determination, you will be able to achieve your goal

  G. Enough exercise and a balanced diet can help you to develop a healthy lifestyle

  第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45)

  (共20小题;每小题15分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡该项涂黑。Mr. Glen is a millionaire. Five years ago, after returning from abroad to his motherland, he 41 his small company. Speaking of success, Glen often tells us a story about his extra expensive “school” fee. He always 42 his success to it.

  At that time, Glen, who already got a Ph.D. degree, 43 to return to the homeland, starting a company. Before leaving, he bought a Rolex watch with the 44 made through years of work after school and the scholarships. At the airport he had to accept the 45 customs check. The watch on his wrist was also demanded to be taken down for 46 . Glen knew that carrying the specific goods out had to pay the tax, and he worried about paying 47 for his watch. So when he was checked, he told a lie that his watch was a 48 fake(假货. When he was 49 of his “smarts”, immediately, in the presence of Glen, the officers hit the watch, 50 cost nearly 100,000, into pieces 51 hearing Glen’s words. Glen was 52 . Before he understood why, he was taken to the office to be examined 53 . For many times of entry-exit 54 he knew that only those people in the “blacklist” would “enjoy” this special treatment. The officers looked over everything carefully in the box, and 55 him no matter what time of entry and exit he must accept the check and if 56 reusing and carrying fake and shoddy goods, he would be 57 according to law! Suddenly, his face turned red, and he had nothing in mind after boarding the plane for long. After returning to the homeland, he often told the story to his family, and his employees, too. He said that this made a deep 58 on him, because the additional high “school” fee that he had ever paid made him realize the value of 59 , which he would remember as the 60 of his success forever.

  41. A. took up B. set up C. went up D. picked up

  42. A. honors B. mentions C. owes D. brings

  43. A. asked B. refused C. objected D. decided

  44. A. savings B. things C. books D. pounds

  45. A. routine B. ordinary C. regular D. common 46. A. look B. test C. inspection D. experiment 47. A. one B. these C. them D. it

  48. A. priceless B. worthless C. useful D. valuable

  49. A. proud B. afraid C. ashamed D. hard

  50. A. that B. what C. which D. as

  51. A. at B. on C. who D. in

  52. A. disappointed B. delighted C. satisfied D. amazed

  53. A. quietly B. strictly C. quickly D. curiously

  54. A. experiences B. conditions C. experiments D. chances

  55. A. stopped B. hoped C. urged D. warned

  56. A. found out B. came out C. sent out D. set out

  57. A. hit B. blamed C. charged D. praised

  58. A. expression B. idea C. impression D. thought

  59. A. lies B. honesty C. goods D. bravery

  60. A. belief B. lesson C. choice D. secret

  2017山东菏泽高考英语模拟试卷第II卷

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45)

  (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式(转载 于:wWw.bjyLD.com 月 亮岛教育网: [2017北京高考英语试卷及答案]2017山东菏泽高考英语模拟试卷及答案)。

  Recently a really strange thing happened in a middle school in China’s Hubei Province. Over 600 students there took part in a “caring for an egg like a baby” 61 (active), in which they were asked to keep an egg close at hand for a month 62 breaking it.

  “It’s hard for parents to bring up their children, 63 many students just ignore it,” said Liu Kang, the school’s director. “They should 64 (teach) to be grateful to their parents, who have given them life but ask for nothing in return.”

  Li Ming is one of the students. His egg didn’t break during the month, but he felt 65 (exhaust). “I now realize that my parents have had great difficulty 66 (bring) me up. I’ll do all I can to make their life easier and more 67 (comfort) when I grow up,” promised the 13-year-old boy. 68 (luck), about 450 students broke their eggs. Yan Yueming broke his egg after just five days, which made him frustrated. He said, “I can’t imagine 69 sad my parents would be if there was something wrong with me, their ‘egg’!” It is time I 70 (do) something in return for their love.” said Yan.

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35)

  (10分)

  10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号∧,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线\划掉。

  修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词(转载于 :www.bjylD.com 月亮岛 教育网: [2017北京高考英语试卷及答案]2017山东菏泽高考英语模拟试卷及答案)。

  注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2、只允许修改10处,多者从第11处不计分

  I like travelling and my dream of paying a visit for Beijing, the capital city of our country, come true during the National Day holidays this year. On October 1st, I went to Tian’anmen Square with my parents, there we watched the flag-raising ceremony. As I watched the flag rising slowly, I sang a national anthem, feel extremely excited. Then we went to some other famous tourist attraction, like the Great Wall. Standing on the Great Wall, I felt very proudly. I thought the old saying that “He who do not reach the Great Wall is not a true man.” Although I was tired, but I really had a good time.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)假定你叫,最近,你的好友说,他感到学习压力很大,作为好友,请你给,内容包括:

  1. 注意劳逸结合;

  2. 不要和别人攀比;

  3. 有良好的心态;

  4. 其他建议。

  注意:1. 词数:100----120;

  2. 可适当增加细节,使行文连贯;

  3. 开头已写好,不计入总词数。

  Dear ,

  I’m sorry to hear that you are under great pressure and don’t know what to do. As your best friend, I’d like to offer you some advice.

  Yours,

  Wang Hong

  2017山东菏泽高考英语模拟试卷答案

  第二部分 阅读理解

  21—24 CBAD 25—27 BCA 28—31 B ACD

  32—35 CABC 36—40 CEABG

  第三部分 完形填空

  41—45 BCDAA 46—50 CDBAC 51—55 BDBAD 56—60 ACCBD

  语法填空

  61. activity 62. without 63. but 64. be taught 65. exhausted

  66. bringing 67. comfortable 68.Unluckily 69. how 70. did/ should do

  第四部分 短文改错

  1. for—to 2. come—came 3. there—where 4. a—the 5.feel—feeling

  6. attraction—attractions 7. proudly-- proud 8.thought 后加of

  9. do—does 10. 去掉but

  写作

  Dear Li Ming,

  I’m sorry to hear that you are under great pressure and don’t know what to do. As your best friend, I’d like to offer you some advice.

  First of all, you should have enough sleep at night because staying up too late is bad for your health. Second, it doesn’t make sense to compare yourself with others because everyone is different from others physically and mentally. More importantly, it is beneficial to develop a positive attitude towards life. Although we attach importance to the College Entrance Examination, it is equally significant to improve our overall qualities. Besides, you should take regular exercise in order to keep fit. Only by relieving stress and pressure properly can you make full use of your time and achieve your goal. Just believe in yourself that you can make it. I do hope my advice will be of a little help to you.

  Yours,

  Wang Hong


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